Your Baby Is 0 Days Old
Congratulations! Your baby has just been born and it is the most wonderful feeling you have ever experienced! However, having a newborn baby also brings a lot of doubts and concerns for new dads: the consolidation of the bond between mom and baby, the beginning of breastfeeding, diaper change, the new sleep-wake rhythm of dads and the hormonal “storm” of the new mom, immersed in a new role that at first can be overwhelming.
We help you know what the newborn baby is like, how to start breastfeeding and how to rest as much as possible to recover from delivery in the best way.
Growth And Development Of Your Newborn Baby
How do you feel in your new role as mom? Surely, it will seem a bit strange to get used to the presence of this new being that, until now, you felt in your belly as a part of yourself and that, suddenly, the family has grown.
A normal term newborn weighs between three kilos and three and a half kilos, with small variations depending on their sex (in general, girls are usually a little smaller) and usually measures about 50 centimetres on average.
One of the main concerns of parents is that their baby has normal weight and height values.
To assess these parameters, it is best to use the growth charts.
The paediatrician will inform you about the percentiles that make up these growth curves and will discuss the specific values of your little one.
In any case, the genetic factors influence greatly the weight and height of the baby, even more than other external factors such as diet and lifestyle. The paediatrician will inform you about the growth of your baby so that you have no doubts.
In case you have any doubts about the appearance of the newborn, you should know that:
- During the first weeks of life, babies’ eyes are usually blue or grey. The iris will reach its final colour between six months and three years.
- Many newborns have birthmarks, especially on the eyelids and nape, which disappear over time.
- At first, you may also be surprised by the enlarged size of his genitals, especially if he is a boy.
And now, do you want to calculate the percentile your baby is in? We present you our table of height and weight percentiles!
Feeding Your Newborn Baby
Do you intend to breastfeed your child? So, from the first moment, avoid giving artificial milk supplements. The newborn may get used to them and lose interest in suckling. As a consequence, you would produce less milk.
Keep in mind that the first days of breastfeeding are not easy. Especially if it is her first baby, the mother has to learn to put her baby to the breast, with the help of the midwife or the nurse. Patience and the desire to breastfeed your little one are the key!
These guidelines will help you with breastfeeding in the first days:
- The ideal is to start breastfeeding the baby in the delivery room, as soon as it is born. However, if this is not possible for whatever reason, don’t worry.
- It is essential that you put the baby to the breast often so that the milk flow is stimulated, which occurs approximately 24-48 hours after birth.
- The Colostrum is the first food of the baby. Although it seems to you that its appearance is strange (it is thicker and yellow than milk) and that its quantity is very little, it contains exactly the nutritional substances that the newborn needs.
– During the first months of life, the baby grows very quickly: the weight gain is about 200-300 grams a week. To follow this growth rate, the little one must eat very often. Therefore, they must be satisfied whenever they express the need to eat, on-demand and without looking at the clock.
– With the help of the midwife and the paediatrician, you will be able to feed your little one perfectly and you will learn to help him to expel the air after the feedings, something key to avoid infant colic.
REMEMBER! All mothers can breastfeed their babies , except in rare exceptions. You can do it too!
Newborn baby’s dream
When it comes to sleep, the newborn baby spends most of the time sleeping. Between day and night, they usually sleep between 16 and 20 hours a day, which are interrupted every two or three hours for their milk feeds. As it grows, the space between shots will be spaced.
These tips will help you if you have doubts about your baby’s dream:
- During the first months, it is preferable that the baby sleeps in the parents’ room, in order to facilitate breastfeeding and to have it more controlled.
However, experts recommend preventing the little sleep in the same bed with parents, the risk involved for safety.
In any case, if you want to practice sleeping, on the market you can find sleeping cribs, specially designed to have the baby next to you, without any risk to their safety.
- If the little one is drinking formula, it is advisable to simplify the night feeding, leaving the bottle warmer, the bottle of water, the bottle and the amount of powdered milk necessary on hand. Thus, it will be able to prepare in a short time and the baby will not be so nervous waiting for his feeding.
- The bottle can also be left prepared and stored in the refrigerator until the child claims it. In this way, the milk will be ready and it will only be necessary to heat it.
ATTENTION! You should always put your baby to sleep on his back. It is one of the fundamental recommendations to prevent the risk of SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome).
Tips And Well-being Of Your Newborn Baby
As for your feelings and feelings as a new mom, it is normal that in these first days you feel what is known as baby blues, a passing state of melancholy and sadness.
This should not be confused with postpartum depression, a major disorder that must be adequately treated with professional help.
Unlike melancholy and own anxiety of the first days as a mom, adaptation stage in which hormonal changes and fatigue make a dent in the mother, the postpartum depression should be monitored very well from the beginning, to avoid aggravation or lasts for a long time.
How is your newborn? If, when you looked at the photos in the magazines, you had imagined it with the round pink face, you may have been a little disappointed.
Your newborn baby may have some of these characteristics:
- In the first days, the child’s head may appear slightly flattened or elongated, with the skull rather soft to allow the brain to continue growing. These softer areas of the skull, in which the bones are not yet fused, are called fontanelles and it is important not to touch or manipulate them since they are delicate areas.
The fontanelles are intended to progressively close, before 18 months.
- For its part, the skin may have a more intense pink tone and be covered with a light lint.
During the period that you are in the hospital, your child will have several tests, among which are:
- The Apgar test, a first evaluation that is carried out 5-10 minutes after birth, which evaluates your breathing, your heart rate, your muscle tone, the colour of your skin and your reflexes.
- 48 hours after birth, they will do the heel test, which consists of drawing a blood sample and is used to rule out genetic diseases such as cystic fibrosis, congenital hypothyroidism or congenital hemoglobinopathies.
- Before you are discharged, they will still do another check-up, in which you will be weighed and measured again, your cranial girth will be measured, your eyes will be examined and you will have a small hearing test, they will feel your stomach and check that the anus duct it’s free
- If you are a boy, they will also examine your penis and check if your testicles have descended to the scrotum.
CURIOSITY! Did you know that newborns have a series of very specific innate reflexes, which neonatologists use to assess the state of development of the baby’s nervous system?