The presence of minerals in our daily diet is essential to maintain good health. Today we will talk about the benefits of sodium, a key micro mineral for the proper functioning of nerves and muscles. Find out in today’s article.
What is sodium?
It is a macromineral that is part of sodium chloride (table salt). Our muscles and nervous system need it to function properly.
It has a fundamental role in metabolism, the absorption of nutrients and the nerve impulse in muscle contraction. Expulsion of sodium is made by primarily urine, followed by sweat and feces.
Normal values for sodium in the blood are 135 to 145 milliequivalents per liter (mEq / L).
Benefits of sodium
- Regulates blood pressure, the distribution of water in the body and blood volume.
- Contributes to the digestive process.
- Provides energy.
- Regulation of blood pressure and blood volume.
- Essential for the proper functioning of muscles and the nervous system.
- Collaborates in the absorption of nutrients.
- It is involved in the contraction of muscles.
- It is present in the bones.
What happens when there is a sodium deficiency?
- Neuralgia or localized pain.
- Alterations of nerve impulses, muscle contractions and heart rhythm.
- Inability to digest carbohydrates.
- Lack of energy, tiredness.
- Mental confusion and / or dizziness.
- Low blood pressure
Where do we find sodium?
- Come out of the table.
- Salts in prepared or canned products (preserves, processed meats, packaged soups, etc).
- Dressings and sauces.
- Foods that naturally contain salt such as milk, celery, beets.
- Processed meats like bacon, ham, etcetera.
- Fast food.
- Soy sauce.
- Roquefort cheese and gorgonzola.
What causes excess sodium?
As harmful is the defect as excess sodium in the diet. Among the negative effects that its excessive consumption in the diet can cause, the following are the most relevant:
- Kidney problems
- Ulcers and gastritis.
- Retention of liquids that cause dark circles, cellulite and varicose veins.