Low sperm count can be caused by a number of health problems and medical treatments. Among them are urogenital infections that cause a seminal infection, which is the most common cause of male infertility.
These types of infections include orchitis, epididymitis, prostatitis, vesiculitis, and urethritis. In the seminal sample, the presence of Leukocytospermia and Bacteriospermia can affect the concentration, motility and morphology of the sperm.
The semen analysis or seminogram will reflect its presence due to the change in the seminal characteristics due to the establishment of microorganisms in the genital tract and their multiplication.
Spermatogenesis, maturation, and sperm transport through the seminal tract can be affected by the infection. Not only the site of infection but also the type of microorganism causing the urogenital infection is important for diagnosis and treatment.