Are you looking for a baby? There are those who get pregnant the first time and women who take a few months, even more than a year. When planning a pregnancy, it is essential to learn to recognize your period of maximum fertility, so be careful because we will teach you to identify your fertile days to achieve pregnancy .
There are women who have little knowledge of their menstrual cycle, a piece of information that is essential to identify when you are most likely to get pregnant. Even so, having sex in the period of maximum fertility does not imply a safe pregnancy, therefore it is important not to obsess.
The menstrual cycle
The menstrual cycle varies from one woman to another, and even in the same woman it can vary from one month to another. A regular menstrual cycle has an average duration of 28 days from the first day of menstruation, but it is considered normal to last between 21 and 35 days.
It has two very different phases: the follicular phase and the luteal phase . The first part of the cycle occurs between day 1 and the middle of the cycle, on day 14, in which approximately ovulation occurs. During this first part, between days 1 and 6 approximately (although it can last between 3 and 7 days) menstruation occurs.
From the first day of the period until the middle of the cycle there is an increase in estrogens. A new egg begins to mature and days later it is expelled by the ovary. During the days when the ovum travels down the fallopian tubes to the uterus, ovulation occurs .
The middle 6-7 days of the cycle are your fertile days (day 14, plus the 3 days before and 3 days after). If you have sexual intercourse during these days and a sperm fertilizes the egg and it adheres to the walls of the uterus, a pregnancy would begin.
The second half of the cycle, the luteal phase, occurs between day 15 and 28. During the first two or three days you can still be ovulating, that is, you can get pregnant. During this phase there is an increase in progesterone, which can cause nervousness or irritability until the arrival of your next period, unless you have become pregnant.
It must be taken into account that sperm can last alive inside the woman’s body between 48 and 72 hours. Therefore, if you have intercourse two or three days before ovulation, when the ovum descends, it could be fertilized by a sperm that has remained alive.
Irregular menstrual cycles
Not all women have their period every 28 days. There are those who have longer cycles, in which ovulation occurs after day 14 and others with shorter cycles in which ovulation occurs earlier.
As we said before, there are also women who experience different cycles every month, that is to say that not all their cycles are regular, for example those with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) , a very common and generally mild hormonal imbalance, which affects 8 out of every 100 women.
Keeping track of your menstrual cycles is a tool that will help you, whether you have regular or irregular cycles, to identify your periods of maximum fertility, combined with observing the ovulation signs that we discuss below.
Signs of ovulation
How to recognize the days when ovulation occurs? During ovulation, the woman experiences hormonal changes that produce alterations in her body. We do not usually pay attention to these changes, but it is a good way to recognize your period of maximum fertility to achieve pregnancy, especially for those women with irregular cycles.
Throughout the menstrual cycle there are significant changes in vaginal discharge, so observing the cervical mucus can help us identify when you are ovulating.
During ovulation, cervical mucus increases and its consistency becomes increasingly sticky and elastic, similar to that of egg white, to help sperm reach the egg. You can insert your finger into the vagina or take a small sample with toilet paper to check its appearance. When ovulation is over, the mucus loses elasticity and becomes stickier and drier.
Basal temperature is the body temperature when we wake up without leaving the bed. It is related to the menstrual cycle of women, so certain changes in temperature will indicate that ovulation is going to occur. The symptothermal method of fertility is based on these temperature changes in the woman.
The basal temperature remains low until ovulation occurs, but when ovulation occurs, due to the effect of progesterone, the basal temperature rises between two and five tenths . This increase is maintained until the end of the cycle, when the next menstrual period begins.
It is very important that you are accurate when taking your basal temperature. You should do it when you wake up and without leaving the bed. Follow here all the instructions on how to take your basal temperature to know the fertile days , you should also learn to interpret the basal temperature table to make sure you are doing things right.
To control your basal temperature you can use this table of basal temperature to print or you can also use some applications to control ovulation and know the fertile days .
We hope that with these tips you can learn to identify your fertile days to achieve the much desired pregnancy.