What are the symptoms of advanced testicular cancer?


Symptoms of testicular cancer are not always easy to detect, either in early stages or in more advanced stages when cancer has spread to other locations in the body. Causes of testicular cancer The exact cause of this type of cancer is not identified, but there are connection with certain risk factors that contribute to … Read more

Can teratozoospermia lead to pregnancy with Down syndrome?

Teratozoospermia is not directly related to trisomy 21, that is, the chromosomal alteration that leads to Down syndrome. However, sperm with abnormal morphology can present genetic abnormalities that cause fertilization failure, a higher probability of abortion or other pathologies.

Can live sperm have bad morphology?

Yes. Teratozoospermia can be present in both live and dead sperm. Dead sperm do not always have bad morphology. Sometimes they are mistaken for immotile sperm and it is necessary to stain to know if they are viable or not.

How big are fibroids?

Fibroids can be very different sizes. To see some of them, it is necessary to use a microscope, while others are so large that they can occupy the entire uterine cavity. Depending on their size and location, they can cause more or fewer symptoms.

Is hysterectomy the best treatment for endometriosis?

Hysterectomy is the last resort for endometriosis treatment. It is only done in very specific cases and in those women who have already had children and it does not guarantee the elimination of pain. There are other effective pain treatments like natural and hormonal therapies.

Is there a natural treatment that works for pelvic endometriosis?

The woman may be able to relieve pain and other symptoms with some natural therapy, but this will depend mainly on the degree of endometriosis and its extent. In any case, the most effective treatment for this type of endometriosis is laparoscopic surgery to remove endometriotic implants.

What are injectable female hormones for?

Injections of female hormones are used in assisted reproduction to externally control the reproductive cycle and thus be able to optimize the ovarian stimulation process applied in the fertility treatments to achieve better results.

What treatment is advised in a situation of fragile X syndrome?

Fragile X syndrome is a genetic disorder that causes a spectrum of complications that includes learning disabilities and cognitive decline. The involvement in men is usually greater than in women. This is because the syndrome is caused by a mutation of a gene located on the X chromosome. Since women have two X chromosomes, if … Read more

Can endometrial polyps appear in multiple ways?

Typically, endometrial polyps appear alone. However, in 20% of cases, they present in multiple ways and with different sizes: from a few millimetres to several centimetres. Multiple polyps cause further infertility problems as they can interfere with the passage of sperm through the female reproductive tract or embryo implantation.

What is ovarian drilling?

Laparoscopic ovarian drilling, also known as ovarian electropuncture, consists of creating multiple perforations (about 15 small holes) in the surface of the ovary using the laser or an electric scalpel to stimulate spontaneous ovulation. This treatment, followed by the administration of clomiphene citrate, appears to be as effective as gonadotropin treatment but reducing the disadvantages … Read more

If I have increased LH, do I have PCOS?

No. In the past, measurement of the LH level was used as a criterion for the diagnosis of PCOS. However, when it was found that not all patients with PCOS had abnormally increased LH levels, it was ruled out.

When is the endometrium receptive?

The endometrium is receptive when the embryo can adhere to the endometrial cells and subsequently enter their thickness. This process was classically said to occur between days 20 and 24 of a normal 28-day cycle. In vitro fertilization treatments have helped determine when is the optimal time to perform the transfer, the so-called implantation window. … Read more

Is cervical cancer always a consequence of HPV infection?

Cervical cancer continues to be one of the most frequent cancers in women worldwide, with the majority of deaths (up to 90% of them) occurring in countries with low socioeconomic status. The cervix is ​​the lowest part of the uterus and is made up of different types of cells: those that line the endocervical canal … Read more