The first signs and symptoms of pregnancy can arise before the delay of menstruation, but they can be so subtle that only women who are very attentive to their body or who are trying to get pregnant can notice it because most of the time they tend to go unnoticed.
However, knowing what these signs and symptoms are is one way for women to quickly identify a possible pregnancy. The most frequent symptoms are:
- Small blood discharge;
- Hormonal changes;
- Colic and abdominal bloating;
- Tender and swollen breasts;
- Darkening of the areola;
- Easy tiredness and excessive sleep;
- Shortness of breath;
- Deep pain in the lower back;
- Aversion to strong odours;
- Mood variations;
- Delayed menstruation;
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Excessive salivation;
- Cravings for certain foods;
- Dizziness and headache;
- Increased urge to urinate;
- Blackheads and oily skin.
However, these symptoms should be considered primarily after menstrual delay occurs, because they could be confused with premenstrual syndrome, which is the period preceding the arrival of menstruation.
Symptoms of Pregnancy at 7 days
The first typical pregnancy symptoms during the first week are the most difficult to identify, however, some women manage to perceive small differences in their body, these are:
1. Small blood losses
When the egg is fertilized, there may be a slight discharge of pinkish discharge, which is actually the normal discharge that the woman has (excess vaginal mucus) with traces of blood caused by the entry of the sperm into the egg and its displacement into the uterus. This discharge may appear a few minutes after intercourse or up to 3 days after intimate contact, the life span of the sperm within the female body. Sometimes this discharge is only seen when the woman cleanses herself after urinating.
2. Hormonal changes
Due to the large hormonal changes that begin to occur from the moment of conception, it is normal for some women to have thicker vaginal discharge than normal. This discharge is not necessarily pink and, in most cases, is slightly whitish in colour.
When the discharge is accompanied by a bad smell or other symptoms such as pain or itching, it is very important to consult a gynaecologist, since it can also indicate a vaginal infection, especially candidiasis.
3. Colic and belly inflammation
With the fertilized egg there is an increase in blood flow in the pelvic area and the female hormones take action to preserve the embryo and continue the pregnancy. This can cause abdominal cramps similar to those that occur during menstruation, however, they are usually of low or medium intensity. Likewise, the woman could also present a small loss of blood similar to menstruation, but in less quantity.
Inflammation of the belly is also one of the first symptoms of pregnancy and is caused by the intense pelvic disorders that are taking place, appearing more frequently in the first 7 days to 2 weeks. Increased blood flow and adaptation to uterine growth are the main causes of this slight abdominal swelling, which for some may go unnoticed. At around 7 weeks gestation the lower part of the navel begins to harden.
Symptoms of Pregnancy in the Second Week
The symptoms that begin to appear around 15 days of pregnancy are some of the most typical, and can last for several weeks:
4. Sensitive and inflamed breasts
In the first two weeks of pregnancy, the woman may notice that her breasts become more sensitive and this is due to the action of hormones that stimulate the mammary glands, preparing her for breastfeeding. In this way, there is also an increase in the volume of the breasts, which begins to have the most developed mammary glands to support the needs of the baby after birth.
In addition to this, the nipples can also undergo some alterations, becoming more tender and swollen, and the areola may be darker than normal due to increased blood flow in the region. Some women may even feel a great deal of discomfort at the mere touch of their blouse or bra.
5. Darkening of the areolas
In addition to breast augmentation and tenderness, women may also notice changes in the areolas, which tend to darken more than normal due to increased blood flow in the region. Some women may feel a great deal of discomfort simply by rubbing their shirt or bra on the areola or nipple region.
6. Easy tiredness and excess sleep
Tiredness is one of the most common pregnancy symptoms that can be present throughout pregnancy, starting to appear around the second week. It is normal for this tiredness to increase during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, while the body adapts all its metabolism to provide the energy necessary for the development of the baby.
This type of tiredness is easy to identify when the woman begins to feel that the tasks she was doing previously are becoming very exhaustive, reaching the end of the day without energy or needing to sleep more than 10 hours a night to restore the energy she spent.
7. Shortness of breath
Along with the feeling of tiredness, it is common for women to experience difficulty breathing, noticing when it is necessary to climb stairs or perform activities that require more energy, such as cleaning the house or running to catch the bus, for example.
This difficulty in breathing is not only related to tiredness, but also to an increase in blood flow in the uterus, causing oxygen concentrations throughout the body to decrease slightly.
8. Deep pain in the lower back
Although back pain is almost always considered a frequent symptom of the last weeks of pregnancy, some women can develop this type of pain from the beginning of pregnancy, and it is related to the changes that occur in the woman’s body to receive the baby.
In some cases, back pain can be confused with belly pain, which is why some women think that menstruation is about to come, however, with the lack of period they begin to realize that it is actually part pain. lower back and that is not related to menstruation.
9. Aversion to strong odours
It is very common that at the beginning of the pregnancy the woman has an aversion to strong smells, although they are apparently pleasant as perfume. Most pregnant women can even vomit after feeling a strong smell like gasoline, cigarettes, or cleaning products, for example.
In addition to this, as the smell is altered, some women may also report that there is a change in the taste of food, which becomes more intense, causing nausea.
10. Mood variations
In the first two weeks of pregnancy, the woman may notice some variations in mood, without apparent cause. It is very common for the pregnant woman to cry for situations that would not make her cry before she was pregnant, and this symptom could remain throughout the pregnancy.
This occurs because the strong hormonal alterations, normal of the pregnancy, can cause an imbalance in the levels of the neurotransmitters, making the mood more unstable.
11. Delayed menstruation
Lack of menstruation is usually the most obvious symptom of pregnancy since during pregnancy a woman stops having her menstrual period to allow the fetus to develop properly in the uterus.
This sign occurs due to increased production of the beta hormone hCG, which prevents the ovaries from continuing to release mature eggs. Delayed menstruation can occur up to 4 weeks after conception, is more easily identified in women with a regular period.
However, it is important to mention that there are other situations that can cause a delay in menstruation, such as stress or hormonal disturbances. See other causes of menstrual delay.
First-Month Pregnancy Symptoms
After the first month of gestation, in addition to the delay in menstruation, many women begin to have other characteristic symptoms such as:
12. Nausea and vomiting
Nausea and vomiting are frequent, mainly in the morning, being one of the best-known symptoms of pregnancy and that usually arise from the 6th week of gestation and may persist throughout the pregnancy.
However, nausea does not always cause vomiting, being much more common for nausea to come and go without the woman vomiting, especially in the morning.
13. Excess salivation
In addition to nausea and vomiting, excess salivation can also occur, making nausea even more uncomfortable for women. Therefore, although excess saliva can be maintained throughout pregnancy, it is common for it to decrease as nausea improves.
14. Cravings for certain foods
Typical pregnancy cravings can start from the first month of pregnancy and continue throughout pregnancy, and it is common for some women to want to eat strange foods, try different combinations, or even want to eat foods they have never tried before.
In some cases, these desires may be related to nutritional deficiencies in some type of mineral or vitamin, especially if they are very different foods from what the woman is usually used to eating. In these situations, it is recommended to consult a doctor to understand what may be the cause.
15. Dizziness and headache
Dizziness is caused by the drop in blood pressure, the decrease in blood glucose and poor diet caused mainly by nausea and frequent vomiting. This symptom usually arises from the 5th week of pregnancy, but they tend to decrease after the 20th week of gestation.
Headache is also common during pregnancy due to hormonal disturbances, it is usually mild but persistent, and women usually do not associate it with pregnancy.
16. Increased urge to urinate
With the advancement of pregnancy, the pregnant woman’s body needs to produce various hormones such as progesterone, to ensure that the baby develops in a healthy way. When this occurs, the bladder muscles relax, making it more difficult to completely empty the urine inside the bladder, so a woman may feel more like going to the bathroom to urinate than before.
Due to hormonal changes, many women can also have constipation from the early stages of pregnancy, having more difficulty defecating.
18. Pimples and Oily Skin
Hormonal changes can lead to the appearance or worsening of blackheads and blackheads, scientifically called acne, and this is why, already in the first weeks of pregnancy, women may notice more oily skin, which can be controlled with the use of products. skin cleansing and proper personal hygiene.
When can the pregnancy test be done?
The pregnancy test that is purchased at the pharmacy can be performed on the first day of the delay of menstruation. If the result is negative, you can wait 3 to 5 more days, and if the menstruation continues late, you can have a new pregnancy test.
If the result is still negative, the possibility of doing a blood test should be evaluated since it is more reliable and shows the amount of the Beta hCG hormone that is only produced during pregnancy. This test can indicate the Positive or Negative result and indicate how many weeks of gestation you have:
- 7 days after fertilization: up to 25 mIU / mL
- 4 weeks after the Last Menstruation Date: 1,000 mIU / mL
- 5 weeks after the Last Menstruation Date: 3,000 mIU / mL
- 6 weeks after the Last Menstruation Date: 6,000 mIU / mL
- 7 weeks after the Last Menstruation Date: 20,000 mIU / mL
- 8 to 10 after the Last Menstruation Date: 100,000 mIU / mL
However, if after 10 days of delay the pregnancy test continues to be negative, the woman should not be pregnant but should make an appointment with the gynaecologist to verify the cause of her menstrual delay.
What to do if the result is positive
If the pharmacy pregnancy test was positive, it is advisable to carry out a blood pregnancy test, because it indicates the amount of the hormone Beta hCG present in the bloodstream and is more reliable. Also, an appointment should be scheduled as soon as possible with an OB / GYN to start prenatal care.
When Should the Ultrasound be Done
After 5 weeks of pregnancy, the doctor can do a transvaginal ultrasound to observe the gestational sac and verify if the pregnancy is developing inside the uterus since in some cases, an ectopic pregnancy can occur, which is when despite that the woman may be pregnant, the baby is developing at the level of the fallopian tubes and rarely in the ovaries, abdomen or cervix. Resulting in a situation that puts the life of the woman at risk.
If the doctor has not performed the ultrasound between the 8th and 13th week of pregnancy, he will have to request this examination to also confirm what is the gestational age and when the baby should complete 40 weeks, to calculate the expected date of delivery.
On this test, the baby is still very small and can be difficult to see, but it is generally very exciting for parents. It is too early to know the sex of the baby, but if the doctor is suspicious that it is a boy, it is likely to be, but it still needs to be confirmed on the next ultrasound, in the second trimester of gestation, around 20 weeks.
FAQ Related to Pregnancy
- I had unprotected sex and ejaculated outside or near the vagina. Can I be pregnant?
There is a risk that the woman could be pregnant. This method is called interrupted intercourse, and although this is a widely used method, it is not safe to prevent pregnancy.
- I have a menstrual delay and/or symptoms and the pregnancy test was negative. What can it be?
The homemade pregnancy test that is bought in the pharmacy is reliable, as long as it is done after the menstrual delay, since if it is done before it can give a negative result that is not correct. Good examples of tests considering confidence are Clear Blue and Confirm, which can be bought in pharmacies.
- How to know the day of conception?
Conception is the moment that marks the first day of pregnancy and occurs when the sperm manages to fertilize the egg, starting the gestation process.Although it is an easy time to explain, trying to find out what day conception occurred is quite difficult since the woman generally does not experience any symptoms and may have had unprotected intercourse on other days close to conception.
- I forgot to take the birth control pill, now?
Whoever takes continuous-use contraceptive pills has up to 3 hours after normal hours to take the missed pill, but for those who take any other type of contraceptive pills they have up to 12 hours later to take the forgotten tablet, without worrying.
- I have pink discharge, what can it be?
Some women may have a pink discharge at certain times in their lives, which in most cases is not a cause for concern, as it may be related to the phase of the menstrual cycle, the use of contraceptives or hormonal disturbances.