Oxidative stress is an imbalance in the cellular environment. Cellular oxidative stress is produced by toxic factors that surround us and that are especially aggressive towards sperm. In the sperm they can affect in several ways: its development throughout its evolution, its morphology, its ability to move (motility) and its fertile capacity, as it damages its DNA. In this way sperm damage is explained.
Antioxidants are substances, essentially natural products, that we find in our diet and try to rebalance the balance of sperm metabolism between free radicals (oxidative stress) and body antioxidants (the body’s ability to fight them) by increasing the latter and repairing the damage produced.
Multiple works have shown that antioxidants (L-Carnitine, Coenzyme Q10, Vitamin E, Vitamin C, Selenium, Zinc) produce an increase in both the number of sperm and their mobility.
Despite all this, the efficacy of antioxidants is only given by a correct diagnosis and an adequate therapeutic regimen in the face of a specific infertility process.