If you are a single parent family, these are the state and regional aid you can benefit from

It is an increasingly present reality: families formed by a single parent who alone cares for their children. In Spain, one in five families is single-parent, most of them headed by mothers .

Hence, the laws have to include this type of family unit, which also implies greater problems to reconcile and, in most cases, with less income than when the mother and father are responsible for the care and maintenance of the children.

There is still a lot of work to be done, since only six autonomous communities legally recognize the single-parent family with its rights.

In addition, although there is still no law on single-parent families at the state level, there is specific aid for these fathers or mothers, either at the state level or by municipalities and regional governments.

What is known as a single parent family?

  • Men or women who face maternity or paternity alone, whether it is with a natural pregnancy or through assisted reproduction or adoption.
  • Families made up of a widowed spouse and children (from two children, in addition, the family is large).
  • Families that are formed by a separated or divorced father or mother who remains in charge of the children without joint custody or receiving alimony. Only Valencia admits it with a maximum income limit in the family.

The most complicated thing for the parents of single-parent families is the reconciliation of family and work life , since they take care of the children alone and only rely on their income. In these cases, therefore, solutions such as requesting a leave of absence or reducing the working day becomes something ‘almost’ unthinkable.

State aid

In Spain there is no specific law for single-parent families , but there are some maternity and paternity benefits that parents who raise their children alone can benefit from.

For more information, you can consult the 2019 Help Guide for families and social services , published by the Ministry of Health, Consumption and Social Welfare.

Family check

It is a deduction in the personal income tax return of 1,200 euros. There are two ways to enjoy this deduction.

  • Wait for the date to make the annual income statement and at that time apply the deduction.
  • Ask the Tax Agency that instead of waiting for the annual income statement, we anticipate the deduction month by month, receiving the proportional part. For example, if the requirements to receive 1,200 euros per year are met, you can request to collect 100 euros each month, which will be received by bank transfer.

The Family Check can be requested by taxpayers entitled to deductions for being a large family or a single parent with at least two children.

In addition, to benefit, they must meet one of these two requirements:

  • Be working (employed or self-employed) and have contributed the minimum period required.
  • Being unemployed, collecting unemployment, or receiving a pension.

When you have ascendants or descendants with disabilities and the rest of the requirements are met, the deduction will be 1,200 euros for each family member.

The monthly advance payment can be requested online, presenting form 143 . It will be necessary to have a digital certificate, electronic DNI or user and password of the cl @ ve system, or in person, by going to any office of the Tax Agency by appointment.

It is not necessary to submit an application renewal each year to receive the aid or to maintain the advance payment, since once granted it is automatically renewed.

Benefit for birth or adoption

Aimed at single-parent families, large families or mothers with a 65% disability.

This is a single payment of 1,000 euros. In order to receive it, there is an income limit that is marked each year according to the dependent children .

If the maximum income limit is exceeded, but another maximum established by law is not reached, you can receive a reduced aid equal to the difference between the maximum limit and the income of the family unit.

Child benefit

Mothers with a child under 18 years of age (or older, if he or she suffers from some kind of disability) can access aid of 291 euros per year, as long as their income does not exceed 11,576.83 euros per year. From the second child, the aid increases by 15% for each of the minors.

Maternity deduction

Working mothers can request an annual deduction in personal income tax of up to 1,200 euros until the child reaches three years of age. You can request payment in advance, at a rate of 100 euros per month on the Tax Agency website .

Bonus when hiring a caregiver

Intended for single-parent families who also have the status of a large family. In order to reconcile work and family life, they will be able to have a bonus of 45% of the Social Security contribution in the contract that they make to the caregiver.

To benefit from this help, you have to work outside the home, self-employed or employed, or be unable to work.

Community Aid

According to the State Network of Single- parent Family Entities, only six autonomous communities legally recognize single-parenting as a family reality with rights, granting their own title: Aragon, the Balearic Islands, Cantabria, Catalonia, Navarra and Valencia.

Through a manifesto, they demand the approval of a Law on Single- parent Families that equalizes throughout the national territory the treatment of these families formed by a single parent with a child, that defines them in an inclusive way allowing a registry, gives comprehensive coverage to their needs and guarantee the rights of your children.

But there are also specific aids for this family nucleus in the rest of the autonomous communities, and which can be consulted on the websites of the social welfare departments or city councils.

Andalusia

It offers discounts in the prices of the school canteen and morning breakfasts in the public schools of the Board, to single-parent families. That discount will depend on the amount of income, and can reach a 50 percent bonus.

Here you have all the information about this help to the dining room .

Balearics

There is no specific law but the rights of single-parent families are recognized. Last year, this community approved Law 8/2018 of July 31 to support families, which equates the rights of single-parent families with those of large families.

Aragon

The ORDER CDS / 384/2019, of 4 April , by which regulates the requirements for qualifying single – parent family and the procedure for recognition and issuance of the Title One Parent Family of Aragon.

The Community recognizes two categories of single parent family:

General category single-parent family : Single-parent families formed by the parent requesting the title of single-parent family and a son or daughter.

One-parent family of special category:

  • Single-parent families formed by the parent requesting the title and two or more sons or daughters.
  • Single-parent families formed by the parent requesting the title and a son or daughter with a disability equal to or greater than 33 percent, or in a situation of absolute permanent disability or severe disability or any other that determines the impossibility of developing a paid job.
  • Single-parent families formed by the parent requesting the title and one or more sons or daughters when the parent has a recognized disability greater than 65 percent, absolute permanent disability or severe disability.
  • Single-parent families of the general category when the annual income of the family unit, divided by the number of people that comprise it, does not exceed 1.5 times the current IPREM calculated in twelve monthly payments.
  • Single-parent families in which the person who heads the family unit has suffered gender-based violence.

For the recognition of a single parent family , the person who heads the family unit must be registered in Aragon with a minimum period of twelve uninterrupted months and immediately prior to the date of presentation of the application.

You can find out the documentation you need to apply for the single-parent family title and download the application form .

You can check the benefits by province here , which include discounts on entry to monuments and museums (such as the Anarracín Museum or the Planetarium) or grants from private and leisure companies (opticians, bookstores …).

Education

  • The score of single-parent families when choosing a school will be equal to that of large families, going from 0.5 to 1 point.

Asturias

By virtue of what is stipulated in Art. 12, Legislative Decree 2/2014, of October 22, a deduction of 303 euros will be applied to the regional tax quota for all taxpayers who are dependent on descendants, provided that they do not live with any other person outside the aforementioned descendants, except in the case of ascendants who generate the right to apply the minimum for ascendants established in Art. 56, LIRPF.

Descendants will be considered for the purposes of this deduction:

  • Minor children, both due to paternity and adoption, as long as they live with the taxpayer and do not have annual income, excluding exempt ones, exceeding 8,000 euros.
  • Children of legal age with disabilities, both due to paternity and adoption relationships, as long as they live with the taxpayer and do not have annual incomes, excluding exempt ones, greater than 8,000 euros.
  • The descendants referred to in the previous points who, without living with the taxpayer, depend economically on him and are interned in specialized centers.

This deduction is compatible with the deduction for large families.

Canary Islands

As contemplated in Art. 11 of Legislative Decree 1/2009, of April 21 , taxpayers who are responsible for descendants may deduct the single amount of 100 euros, provided that they do not live with any other person other than the aforementioned descendants , except in the case of ascendants who generate the right to apply the minimum by ascendants.

Descendants will be considered for the purposes of this deduction:

  • Minor children, both due to paternity and adoption, as long as they live with the taxpayer and do not have annual income, excluding exempt ones, exceeding 8,000 euros.
  • Children of legal age with disabilities, both due to paternity and adoption relationships, as long as they live with the taxpayer and do not have annual incomes, excluding exempt ones, greater than 8,000 euros.

Cantabria

It recognizes the condition of a single parent family and issues the title and card for:

  • Families in which only the father or mother have recognized all or some of the children, or have been granted exclusive parental authority by court order.
  • Those formed by a widowed person or in a situation comparable to the offspring that he / she would have had with the missing partner.
  • Those in which a single person protects or shelters one or more minors, through the corresponding administrative or judicial resolution, for a period equal to or greater than one year.
  • The one made up of a woman who has suffered gender-based violence by the parent, in the terms established in the regulations governing gender-based violence.

This is the request that can be submitted together with a responsible declaration that the person who owns the family is not part of a common-law couple, nor has they married another person.

The rights of single-parent families are included in Decree 26/2019, of March 14 . As an additional provision, it is indicated that families with a single-parent family title have the same benefits and advantages that are granted to large families .

Among other benefits, the Community of Cantabria recognizes:

  • The concession of the so-called ‘pay of 100 euros’ to help families with children under three years of age, or up to six years.
  • Reduction in the price of tickets to museums and leisure centers in the Community.
  • Specific aid from municipalities in the management of the IBI and urban waste.

You can check all the discounts in the Guide for Large Families of Cantabria.

Catalonia

Help access to public housing

  • With income less than 2.5 times the IPREM: aid of between 7,900 euros and 8,900 euros depending on the area where the home is located.
  • With income between 2.5 and 3.5 times the IPREM: aid of between 499 euros and 5,900 euros depending on the area where the home is located.

Education

  • School pre-registration. In the complementary criteria to resolve tie situations, being a single-parent family is valued with 15 points.
  • Nurseries owned by the Generalitat. Discount of 50% of the public price of schooling.
  • College. Deduction of 500 euros for each sibling, including the person requesting the computable family income, to obtain the Equitat scholarship for the reduction of prices of the credits of the university studies.

Public transport

  • Bonuses on the single ticket and monthly or quarterly subscriptions in the regular road passenger transport services owned by the Generalitat.
  • Discount on integrated transport tickets (T-Mes, T-Trimester and T-Joven).
  • New transport ticket for single-parent families (T-FM) that allows all family members to make 70 trips in 90 days.

Leisure and culture

  • Free hostel family card showing the title of single parent family.
  • 10% scholarship in the “L’Estiu és teu” program in the price of the stay of the children of single-parent families.
  • Discount of six euros per day on full board stays for each member of the family in the hostels owned by Turismo Juvenil de Catalunya SA
  • Reduced prices for admission to various theaters and museums, such as the Auditorium, the Museum of Archeology of Catalonia (MAC), the Museum of Science and Technology of Catalonia, the Museum of History of Catalonia, and monuments dependent on the Generalitat.

You can get more information about the procedures to follow on the Generalitat website , where they specify that the degree must be requested in person.

And know all the benefits of the title of single parent family in Catalonia here .

Galicia

In this community, single-parent families enjoy a category of special consideration that grants them benefits in areas such as housing, education or employment, among others.

Thus, these have advantages when it comes to allocating children’s places, in granting aid from the concilia voucher and the care voucher or in accessing a nest house .

Under the umbrella of the new Demographic Boost Law , the regional government has announced that it will expand the concept of a single-parent family and create a specific registry.

You can find more information about the benefits for special families here .

Madrid

He announced a few months ago that he intends to create a specific family title for single parents . The regional government has announced that the measure will take place during the current legislature, although there is no date yet.

More information in your Maternity Support Resource Guide

Navarre

In Navarra, single-parent families are regulated in the Regional Law of 5/2019, of February 7, for the accreditation of single-parent families in the Community of Navarra .

Since the end of November 2019, single-parent families can request accreditation to obtain benefits, advantages and tax credits, and other specific aids, always subject to the income statement. The application can be made through this link of the Government of Navarra , from where you can download the application and learn about the differences between a single-parent family and those in a single-parent situation.

The recognition implies the equality with the aid to large families, in addition to specific benefits and advantages, in any case subject to the income statement and at least one year of effective uninterrupted residence in Navarra.

Among the tax benefits :

  • A 30% deduction for investment or rehabilitation of the habitual residence in the income statement for the fiscal year 2019.
  • Right to the exemption or discount of 50% of some rates or public prices or rates, such as those levied on the issuance of degrees, certificates or certificates of degrees by public centers of regulated education dependent on the Department of Education.
  • Aid for the coverage of expenses caused by orthodontic, hearing, ophthalmological, orthopedic, psychological, pedagogical or home care treatments.

Valencia

The Decree 19/2018, of 9 March, of the Consell regulates the recognition of the status of single – parent family in Comunitad Valenciana, differentiates single – parent family single – parent family situation.

It is considered a monopàrental family:

  • The one formed by a person and their descendants, who is registered in the Civil Registry only with them as their parents.
  • The one made up of a widowed person or in a comparable situation and the offspring that he / she would have had with the missing partner.
  • That made up of a person and minors who have been in foster care for a time equal to or greater than one year, and those of legal age who have been in permanent foster care; or one made up of a person who is considered an emergency-diagnosis foster family.

Single-parent families are:

  • Those formed by a person and the child or children over whom they have sole custody and custody if the income of the family unit (including alimony) divided by the number of family members is less than 150% of the IRPEM current calculated in 12 monthly payments.

This assumption also includes situations in which the other parent is hospitalized or in prison for a long term (with the same financial requirements) and the victims of gender violence (in this case, without financial requirements).

As explained by the Generalitat , the title implies, among other benefits:

  • Deductions in college tuition and vocational training.
  • Points for choosing an educational center and dining scholarships.
  • To be a priority group in rental aid.
  • Deductions in the autonomous section of personal income tax.
  • Discounts in cultural spaces, Metro-Valencia and Tram, among others.

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