The Semen Analysis or Seminogram is a key study in the evaluation of the infertility of a couple and essential to define the treatment that can help in the achievement of pregnancy.
The basic seminal study (semen Analysis or spermiogram) not only assesses the number and mobility of the sperm but must also study the volume, colour, liquefaction, viscosity and pH of the seminal fluid, the presence of leukocytes in the ejaculate or sperm morphology.
It should be understood that the seminal sample in an ejaculate not only contains cells from the testes, there is also fluid from the seminal vesicles and the prostate, and that alterations at these two levels can produce alterations in the physical and chemical characteristics of the sample.
One of the important aspects to assess in the basic seminal study is the sperm morphology, that is, the appearance of the sperm and, in percentage terms, the number of cells that are abnormal. If this percentage is higher than 96%, which implies that there are less than 4% normal cells, in the case of infertility, the recommended treatment is in vitro fertilization with sperm microinjection.