In order to prevent damage to the fetus from different problems, before becoming pregnant, a series of exams are performed on the mother. Get to know them!
In the event that you are thinking about being parents, it is good, in order to avoid causing harm to the fetus, that the couple undergoes a series of tests before pregnancy. In this article, we explain the recommended exams for women.
It is a blood test that allows us to discover if the future mother is a carrier of anaemia, either caused by a lack of iron or folates ( folic acid ), or by hereditary transmission (thalassemia or sickle cell anaemia). It is essential to treat anaemia, since it involves a deficit in the transport of oxygen, essential for the formation of the child.
It is used to check the immunity of women to this disease, which, if contracted in the first three or four months of pregnancy, could harm the fetus. If the expectant mother is not immune, she should be vaccinated before becoming pregnant. In order to conceive, you will need to wait a period of two to six months.
The toxoplasmosis test is used to check immunity to this infection, which, especially if it is contracted during the first trimester of pregnancy, can cause damage to the central nervous system of the fetus. If it is not immune, since there is no vaccine, the future mother should abide by the recommended hygienic regulations so as not to contract it. The main measures are: no to raw (or undercooked) meat and sausages not cooked; no to vegetables and fruit if it has not been carefully washed before consumption and nothing to clean the cat litter box or do gardening work without the protection of rubber gloves.
Pap test or cytology
This test is used to rule out possible changes in the cervix, as well as viral changes.
On the other hand, there are a series of examinations that must be carried out after repeated abortions or pregnancy pathologies like the previous ones.
Assessment of the medical history and chromosomal map (karyotype) of the members of the couple.
The transvaginal ultrasound discovers possible anatomic or functional abnormalities of the maternal genital tract, because of repeated abortions.
Hysteroscopy is an examination of the inside of the uterine cavity to check for the possible presence of abnormalities that prevent pregnancy.
Biopsy of the uterine body
The biopsy of the uterine body serves to discover if the endometrium responds to hormonal stimuli, that is if the tissue swells so that the pregnancy implants well.
Test for autoimmune diseases
These are tests to identify the presence of immune disorders or phospholipid antibodies that attack the egg, causing abortions or premature deliveries.
It is a blood test that allows us to study the chromosomal maps of both limbs and discover possible defects, which can be the cause of repeated abortions.
Pre-pregnancy Test Based on previous tests:
It is prescribed to future mothers who, unlike their partner, have the Rh-negative factor, in order to discover the presence of dangerous antibodies for the fetus.
It is only performed on the expectant mother if the blood count shows abnormalities of the red blood cells, which indicates that they could have a shorter life cycle and that the bone marrow is not capable of producing a sufficient number to compensate for the losses.
It is performed if the Simmel test has indicated the existence of abnormalities, in order to discover whether it is a healthy or sick carrier of Mediterranean anaemia or sickle cell anaemia.