When and how to take vitamins in pregnancy
It is very common for the obstetrician to recommend that the pregnant woman take prenatal vitamins throughout the pregnancy, before it and even a few weeks after giving birth. It is a very important supplement for different reasons. Know what prenatal vitamins are, when they are taken and what is the correct way to do it.
What are prenatal vitamins
Prenatal vitamins are a series of supplements that pregnant women take, on medical advice, to ensure that, throughout the pregnancy, the baby receives all the necessary nutrients for its proper development.
When the pregnant woman’s diet is healthy and balanced, most of the vitamins and minerals they need will be covered. However, in recent decades the supplement of folic acid and iodine has been especially recommended, since its absorption is difficult and it has been proven to reduce the risk of premature birth, low birth weight, or birth defects in the brain, spine .
The prenatal vitamins, however, are not a substitute for a healthy diet. You should eat a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, non-fat dairy products, legumes, lean meats, and fish.
How to Take Prenatal Vitamins
It is important to take the vitamin supplement every day. These are vitamins that are sold in capsules or tablets and are normally recommended in the morning with an orange juice to promote their absorption, but if you have observed that your stomach does not tolerate it well, try taking them during the meal.
Do not consume vitamins that your midwife or gynecologist has not recommended, not all vitamins can be taken by pregnant women, it can be dangerous.
They do not usually have great side effects, however, some could cause certain discomforts such as constipation or diarrhea or nausea. If you notice that you do not feel very well, do not suspend the treatment on your own and discuss the indication with your gynecologist so that he can prescribe another type of supplement.
When are prenatal vitamins needed
- Women who are looking for a pregnancy so that the reserve of folic acid and iodine before pregnancy is adequate.
- Pregnant women should take a vitamin complex that contains at least 400 micrograms of Folic Acid daily to help prevent certain birth defects in the baby. And Iodine for the correct development of all tissues.
- Women with certain health conditions such as anemia or malnutrition may need extra vitamins and minerals.
What do prenatal vitamins contain
Folic Acid is one of the nutrients included in most prenatal vitamins, which helps prevent spinal cord and brain defects in the baby. It can also protect the pregnant woman against cancer and stroke. Pregnant women should get 600 micrograms of folic acid daily between food and prenatal vitamins.
Iron is another important nutrient for pregnant women and is also found in prenatal vitamins. It is essential to increase the production of red blood cells by the body. It helps the development of muscles in the mother and the formation of the baby. It prevents anemia, and can reduce the risk of preterm labor and low birth weight. Legumes, raisins, plums and liver can be found in cereals.
Calcium that strengthens the bones and teeth in the mother and the baby and keeps the nervous, muscular and blood systems healthy. It is found in milk, cheese, yogurt and legumes, although in smaller quantities.
Vitamin E is good for the mother’s muscle tone and for the formation of all tissues. It is found in wheat germ, whole wheat, leafy vegetables, meat, and eggs.
Vitamin A favors the development of the skin and mucous membranes of the baby. it must be taken with vitamins C and B for proper absorption. This vitamin is found in eggs, milk, and carrots.
Vitamin B (B2, B6 and B12) are good for the functioning of tissues and for the development of cells. They decrease the nausea of the mother and decrease the swelling of the body. Vegetables, milk, cereals and eggs are rich in these types of vitamins.
Vitamin C is good for mothers with Rh factor problems. It works in the body as a natural antioxidant and helps prevent infection, while helping to absorb iron. It is found in citrus fruits, green bell peppers, parsley, tomatoes, and raw green cabbage.
Vitamin D allows the formation of tooth enamel and bone mineralization. It is found mostly in eggs, milk, and liver.
Magnesium is also found in prenatal vitamins as it is common for the level of magnesium in pregnant women to decrease, causing annoying leg cramps. Eating cereals, fish, soy, milk and meat helps maintain an adequate level of magnesium in the body.
During pregnancy it is important that you do not suffer from a deficiency of any essential vitamin for the body. If your diet does not provide enough vitamins and minerals, you should take a prenatal vitamin complex. Vitamin deficiency can increase the tendency to irritability and exhaustion and increase the risk of vaginal infections.