Urine Pregnancy Test: How it Work, Types, and Results

With a pregnancy test, you can determine whether you are pregnant. When can you do a pregnancy test, how do you perform it and what types of tests are there? We tell you all about it!

Do you think you could be pregnant? We tell you what the urine test consists of, and how and when to do the home pregnancy test, to get rid of doubts. How many days to wait When is the best time to do the pregnancy test? We explain everything to you!

A pregnancy test measures the presence of the pregnancy hormone hCG in your urine. You can easily perform a pregnancy test at home within five minutes. Do you want to know when you can take a pregnancy test? Enter your details below to find out.

What is the Urine Test and How does it Work

Do you have a delay in your period, swollen and sore breasts, are you more tired and even have nausea in the morning? Could you be pregnant?

To confirm pregnancy, on the market, you can find home pregnancy tests. These tests detect chorionic gonadotropin, the hormone of pregnancy, very quickly through urinalysis, and can indicate the presence of a pregnancy a few days after conception.

However, except in some particular cases, it is always better to do the test a few days after the delay of the period. In this way, the possible positive pregnancy test will be more reliable.

When can you do a pregnancy test?

You can take a pregnancy test from the moment you are overdue one day, on your NOD (Not Period). More sensitive (and usually more expensive) tests are already able to determine the presence of the hCG hormone about four days earlier. These tests are somewhat less reliable.

When you do a pregnancy test too early, the amount of hCG hormone in your urine is still too low to measure. Is the resulting negative (not pregnant)? Then test again a few days later.

The main reason for taking a pregnancy test is that you are overdue (your period is not present). Other reasons to take a pregnancy test include:

  • You are trying to get pregnant
  • You have had unprotected sex
  • You suffer from pregnancy symptoms

How do you do a pregnancy test?

Basically, all pregnancy tests work the same. By holding a strip in the urine you can easily test whether you are pregnant.

  • Any urine can be used for a pregnancy test, but morning urine is best suited for this. Morning urine contains the highest hCG concentration.
  • Avoid drinking too much fluid right before testing. This dilutes your urine and can, therefore, make it difficult to detect the pregnancy hormone.
  • The time that you have to keep the test in the urine and the time that you have to wait then varies per product. This often leads to mistakes when reading, so read the instructions carefully.

Pregnancy test result

Most brands of pregnancy tests indicate that they achieve 99% reliability. A pregnancy test is not 100% reliable, this requires a blood test from your doctor or ultrasound from your midwife.

Pregnancy test positive

If a pregnancy test is positive, it almost always means that you are pregnant. However, it is also possible that a positive result is incorrect. This can be the case, for example, if:

  • The pregnancy is terminated. Because there was a pregnancy, the hormone is still in your body.
  • You did not complete the test correctly. Therefore, always read the instructions carefully before performing the test.
  • You read the test too late. As a rule, you should read the test within five minutes, if you leave the test longer, the result ‘pregnant’ will usually automatically appear.

Pregnancy test negative

If a pregnancy test is negative, it usually means that you are not pregnant. But a negative result is also sometimes incorrect. This may then be the case:

  • You tested too early. As a result, not enough hCG hormone has been produced yet. If you suspect this is the case, repeat the test a few days later.
  • You have taken too much fluid. Too much fluid dilutes your urine to such an extent that there is not enough hormone in your urine for a positive test. This can be prevented by testing with morning urine, which is normally more concentrated.
  • You did not complete the test correctly. Take a good look at the user manual and try again.

Types of pregnancy tests

In principle, all pregnancy tests work the same; the test measures the amount of hCG in your urine and the display shows whether you are pregnant. The main differences between the different pregnancy tests are the way in which the test comes into contact with urine, the sensitivity of the test and the way of reading the result.

Early pregnancy tests

The difference between an early pregnancy test and a normal test is that it is more sensitive to the hCG hormone. Because the test can measure a smaller amount of hCG, you can already perform it if you are just pregnant.

A disadvantage of this is that during this early phase of your pregnancy something goes wrong regularly with the fruit and the pregnancy is terminated. Without an early test, you probably wouldn’t even notice you’re pregnant and can avoid the disappointment with the loss. This may be a reason not to perform early tests.

Midstream pregnancy test

A midstream pregnancy test is the most popular test. This is very easy to use and the easiest to read. How does a midstream test work?

  1. Remove the protective cap from the end of the test and keep it at hand.
  2. Hold the released end in your urine stream for a few seconds (see instructions for use). Make sure that the display window remains dry. Of course, you can also first pee in a clean container and hold the test in this.
  3. Replace the protective cap over the end, place the test on a flat surface and wait for a few (see instructions for use) minutes.
  4. A checkmark always appears at the ‘C’. This indicates that the test is working and is not defective. Is there a dash at the ‘T’? Then you are pregnant.

Digital pregnancy test

A variant of the midstream test is the digital pregnancy test. The advantage of this test is that it is very easy to read. No dashes appear, but the display shows text. This can be ‘pregnant’ or ‘not pregnant’. In addition, the test can also indicate how long you are approximately pregnant. In other tests it is sometimes unclear whether a faint line appears or not, this test clearly shows whether you are pregnant. This makes the result much clearer.

The reliability of the digital test differs per function. To determine whether you are pregnant, it is as reliable as other tests. To determine how long you have been pregnant, the accuracy is a lot lower.

Also, make sure that the test shows how much time has passed since fertilization. Your midwife or pregnancy calendar will indicate that you are two weeks longer pregnant. These start to count from the first day of your last period. If you want to know exactly how that works, read more about the pregnancy duration mystery.

A disadvantage of the digital test is that it is more expensive. You perform a digital test in the same way as a normal midstream test.

Pregnancy test with a strip

A pregnancy test with a strip also called a dipstick, is the simplest test. The test is less popular than a midstream test because the urine collection can be complicated and the test results are not always clear. This is how a pregnancy test with strip works;

  1. Collect some urine in a clean container.
  2. Hold the bottom of the strip here for a few seconds (see instructions for use). Make sure that you do not submerge the strip further than the line at ‘MAX’.
  3. Place the strip on a dry, flat surface and wait a few minutes (see instructions for use).
  4. A checkmark always appears at the ‘C’. This indicates that the test is working and is not defective. Is there a dash at the ‘T’? Then you are pregnant.

Pregnancy test with cassette

A pregnancy test with a cassette is not popular, because here too urine must first be collected in a container. In addition, this test fails regularly because the checkmark does not appear. This is how a pregnancy test works with a cassette;

  1. Collect some urine in a clean container.
  2. Place the cassette on a flat table.
  3. Use the supplied pipette to drip some (see directions for use for the amount of) urine into the cassette.
  4. Wait for a few (see instructions for use) minutes.
  5. A checkmark always appears at the ‘C’. This indicates that the test is working and is not defective. Is there a dash at the ‘T’? Then you are pregnant.

Where can you buy a pregnancy test?

You can buy a pregnancy test at any pharmacy or drug store and at some supermarkets. You can also order pregnancy tests online.

Pregnant, now what?

Do you have a positive pregnancy test? Congratulations, you are pregnant! As soon as you know this, make an appointment with a midwife. She will tell you how to proceed. It is also wise to inform your doctor about your pregnancy. He or she can take this into account when taking medication.

It is also important to pay close attention to your diet when you are pregnant. Among other things, follow the advice below for a healthy pregnancy:

  • Swallow folic acid
  • Eat healthily
  • Know what not to eat
  • Do not drink alcohol
  • Do not smoke

Calculate your due date. Via the pregnancy calendar, you can see in which week of your pregnancy you are and what happens every week with you and the growing baby in your belly.

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