Congratulations, your baby is six months old, half a year old! Do you want to know everything about the development and growth of six-month-old babies?
We talk about the stages of psychophysical development, growth, the introduction of complementary feeding, the departure of the first teeth and the general evolution of six-month-old babies.
Here you have all the information you need!
Growth And Development Of Your 6-month-old Baby
Your baby is already half a year old! At six months, the baby recognizes the different tones of his mother’s voice: he cries when he feels uncomfortable and laughs when he is happy. What else does he do at this age?
- His movements are much more intentional, such as when he stretches his arms asking for mom or dad to pick him up.
- It also controls the movement of your hands much better, holding and moving objects and even holding the bottle with both hands.
- You already control your upper body much more, take objects with your hand and start manipulating them, and put everything in your mouth. In this sense, it is important that you do not leave the baby within reach of any small object or piece that can be put in the mouth since it is their main means of exploration and knowledge.
- He also begins to hold his back to sit, but supported on his back and is able to sit up on his hands when lying on his stomach.
- His legs are already capable of supporting his weight: hold him upright and invite him to jump, an exercise that will undoubtedly strengthen his muscles and prepare them for when he crawls and walks, in addition to strengthening his balance and the upper part of his body.
On reaching the sixth month of life, the baby weighs an average of between seven and eight kilos (depending on his sex) and measures about 65-67 centimetres.
As the weeks pass, the baby’s memory improves, so they can anticipate what comes after something. If you always follow the same routine at the time of bathing or going to sleep, the baby can be excited around that time.
And now, do you want to see how much your baby has grown in these months? We advise you to follow their progress on our baby percentile chart!
Feeding Your 6-month-old Baby
Have you already started giving your little one the first foods other than milk? Starting at six months, artificial or breastfeeding can be completed with other foods. What should you keep in mind for the proper functioning of complementary feeding?
- Normally, it starts with cereals, which are added to milk and can be taken in porridge or in a bottle, and fruit.
- The first fruit is usually the banana, the apple and the pear.
- Next, it is passed to the vegetables and, little by little, to the cereals, the soup pasta and the ice cream.
- The important thing is to introduce each new food in a gradual way, so that the little one gets used to the new flavours little by little and, above all, to identify possible food allergies as soon as possible.
Do you know the Baby-led Weaning? It is a method of introducing the complementary feeding of the baby “self-directed” by the little one. In other words, self-regulated complementary feeding by the baby, as an alternative to the traditional introduction of new foods.
It is a method that has been gaining popularity in recent years. The remarkable thing is that the times and order of the introduction of new foods are no longer so strict, and new foods are introduced in a “free” way, so to speak, although always following the paediatrician’s instructions.
REMEMBER! Whatever your philosophy of introducing foods other than breast milk or formula into your baby’s diet, do not forget that you should always act according to the paediatrician’s criteria and that this figure should be informed of any news regarding the health and upbringing of your little one.
Your 6-month-old baby’s dream
Have you already prepared his room? At around six months, it is a good time to move the baby to his own room, if you wish. What to consider?
- At first, it will be a little more uncomfortable, since you will have to move from room to room if the baby still wakes up at night or complains about something.
- However, this will also make you gain intimacy with your partner and freedom of movement.
ATTENTION! Remember that the decision of the place where the baby will sleep is up to the parents. If you decide that the little one continues to sleep in your room with you, there is no problem. However, other dads may find advantages in having the little one sleep separately.
Tips And Well-being Of Your 6-month-old Baby
How should you behave when travelling with the baby in a car? The law is clear: the child restraint systems are required until the child reaches 135 centimetres tall, and different groups vary depending on the weight and height of the child.
Starting at six months, the baby’s first teeth, baby teeth, can begin to appear. What to consider?
- Generally, the first to stand out is the lower incisors, something that can cause discomfort and pain to the baby, who will be more irritable, sleep worse, drool more and take everything in his reach to his mouth.
- You can alleviate the discomfort with a PVC-free teether that you can keep in the fridge or freezer to calm your baby if his gums are inflamed or sore.
- He thinks that the moment the first tooth appears in his mouth, his mouth will have to be washed regularly.
- When you have three or four you can use a very soft bristle children’s brush in which to put a small amount of children’s toothpaste low in fluoride.
At this age, the baby is already able to turn around on his own, what a great moment! You can move from the lying position to the side, which will cause situations of amazement and fun for all who witness these movements. We advise you to enjoy each and every one of these unforgettable moments.
Also, it is likely that he begins to respond to your words with babble with which he seems to mean ‘dad’ or ‘mom’: prepare because the moment is approaching and the emotion is capital.
ADVICE! Do not worry if the first tooth does not appear or does not appear to come out soon. Every baby is a world! Think that some babies don’t get the first one until about a year or more.
What a 6-month-old baby does
At six months, the little boy will try to get our attention, although in his own way. Answering these calls is very important as it is the first step in teaching you how to communicate with others.
- During this month, the little one is perfectly capable of picking up and holding whatever is given in his hands.
- It also remains in a sitting position. At first, she only does it if she is helped, and later, as she gets more balanced, without any support.
- During this month, the little one is also likely to start crawling.
- When you are awake, you still keep gurgling, trying to reproduce the sounds or words you just heard. However, their main way of expressing themselves is still limited.
- The little one already perfectly recognizes the face of his relatives and not only that of his parents.
- It is also capable of recognizing the emotional nuances of the different expressions.
- His visual acuity has also improved.
How to stimulate your 6-month-old baby
From the age of six months, the baby will begin to sit with increasing balance. Therefore, it is important to perform stomach exercises to strengthen the neck and back muscles, which will also help stimulate crawling.
- Lying on your back, roll him on the bed or a mat from one side to the other.
- Lying on his stomach, he places toys around him so that he tries to reach them. Go changing your location. The balls with lights and sounds are ideal for this exercise.
- Lying on the stomach, place the baby in the crawling position and pass a scarf or sheet under his tummy and hold it with your hands. This will help him keep his balance and give him security until he learns on his own.
- Sit on the floor with your knees bent and your feet flat on the floor and place your baby on your thighs. Play to swing it from one side to the other while holding it under the armpits.
- When he is able to stay seated, put his legs in a “V” shape and put toys between his legs so that he tries to catch them with his hands.
Stimulation sitting position:
- Put your baby on his back and let him hold on to a hoop or your fingers with his little hands, when he is well restrained, raise him about 10 cm, and put him to bed again, repeat this more times, each time you lift him a little more Do it forward, making sure that you remain seated.
- Praise him, smile, cheer him on, every time he sits down.
- When your baby is sitting, either alone or with support, gently move him to the sides, forward, backward, stopping him with your hands, with a bar or a hoop, with this you help him in the control of balance.
- Feel him by placing pillows so that he leans forward, press him down so that he tries to sit down again.
With these exercises you stimulate fine motor skills:
- Give your baby round objects, for example, some grapes and let him grab them, manipulate them with the palms of his hands
- Well give him grapes in a jar and let him empty it and refill it
- Give him objects of different weight and let him manipulate them as he likes
- Tell him your little fingers, taking one by one while you do it.
** Always watch your baby’s movements carefully so that nothing is put into his mouth and avoid choking.
With these exercises, you help your baby to realize the permanence of things.
- They sell plastic baby keys, you can show them to him before he plays with them and swing them in front of him then drop them and follow them with your eyes, then pick them up from the floor and do it again several times, no more than 4, and leave them to play with them. If you don’t have those plastic keys, do it with anything else, this is just an idea of the object you can use.
- Tie a toy without him seeing it and make it appear suddenly, pulling the rope to see it.
Teach him to stop when he is going to do something negative or damage his health:
- Say “no”, when you are going to do something that puts you at risk, but do it by accompanying the “no” of the movement of the head and hand in a negative way: “don’t put that in your mouth”, “don’t touch that”, etc.
- Point out the things around him, by his full name, bed, table, kitchen, pot, spoon, toy, etc.
- Encourage him to start saying short words, talk to him with syllables, for example, ma, pa, da, de, do then put them together to start saying, mom, dad, dice, finger, map etc.
- You can inflate a balloon and give it to him so that when it deflates, he follows its movement with his gaze.
- Roll a ball to see how it goes, and then let it go for it. (crawling with your help).
- Get in front of your baby, open your mouth or eyes, so that he imitates you, at first he will confuse the parts of his body and may be open and close his eyes and mouth at the same time, but later he will do it correctly.
- The baby should recognize your name, so call him by him whenever you can, so that he turns when he hears it.
- Your baby must know that he is worth the redundancy, show him his image in a mirror, that he looks, tell him that he is that baby, ask him: “where is the baby?”.
- Also using the mirror, you can show him each part of his body, so that he observes it and begins to identify himself.
Toys you can give your 6-month-old baby:
- Bath time toys. (rubber ducks, sponges, dice, etc.)
- Empty plastic jars
- Wooden or stuffed dice